Soil Moisture

The soil moisture is expressed as the volume of water contained within soils. Soil moisture can influence levels of vegetation water stress and flood risk.

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Soil Acidity

Soil acidity is expressed using pH scale. pH values lower than 7 indicate acidic soils and pH values higher than 7 indicate alkaline soils. Soil acidity influences species abundance, distributions and productivity.

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Soil Texture

Soil can be classified into textural classes including loams, clays, and sands. Textural composition influences water holding capacity and dynamics and vegetation stress levels.

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